iGaming – A Complete Overview

Published on: 2023-05-19

iGaming – A Complete Overview

In recent years, the gambling industry has witnessed a remarkable transformation with the advent of iGaming. Short for “interactive gaming,” iGaming is the umbrella term used to describe all forms of online gambling and betting activities, from sports betting to playing online casinos games to card games, lotteries and more. It’s a rapidly growing industry that is becoming more and more popular every day.

This article provides a comprehensive overview of iGaming, exploring its history, types, technology, legal considerations, mobile gaming, regulations and licensing, responsible gaming, industry trends, and the future of iGaming.

The Rise of iGaming

iGaming traces its roots back to the early 1990s when the first online casinos and gambling sites started to emerge. In 1994 the first online gambling website was launched with ticketing for the Liechtenstein International Lottery. In the same year the Caribbean nation of Antigua and Barbuda passed the Free Trade & Processing Act. This act granted licenses to companies interested in offering online gambling services. This move led to the establishment of the first-ever online casino, “The Gaming Club,” which started accepting real-money wagers.

In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the industry experienced rapid growth as more online casinos, poker rooms, and sportsbooks launched their platforms. This period also saw the introduction of regulatory bodies and licensing authorities, such as the Kahnawake Gaming Commission and the Malta Gaming Authority, aimed at providing oversight and ensuring fair play. In 2003, eCOGRA (e-Commerce Online Gambling Regulation and Assurance) was founded providing a best practice framework for operational requirements to ensure player safety.

The early 2000s witnessed a surge in online poker popularity, driven in large part by the televised coverage of poker tournaments like the World Series of Poker (WSOP). The “poker boom” led to the emergence of numerous online poker platforms and a significant increase in player participation.

In 2006, the United States passed the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act (UIGEA), which had a substantial impact on the iGaming industry. The UIGEA prohibited financial institutions from facilitating online gambling transactions, leading many online gambling operators to withdraw from the US market.

However, iGaming continued to thrive globally, particularly in Europe and other regions where online gambling was legal and regulated. Advances in technology also contributed to the expansion of iGaming, with the introduction of mobile gaming, live dealer games, and the incorporation of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) elements into casino experiences.

In recent years, the iGaming industry has experienced significant growth and has become a multi-billion-dollar industry. The development of sophisticated online platforms, improved user interfaces, and a wider selection of games have attracted a larger player base.

Additionally, the legalisation of online gambling in various countries and states, such as the United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, and several US states, has further fuelled the growth of iGaming. The rise of cryptocurrencies has also impacted the industry.

iGaming Today

The industry has grown exponentially since it began, with the global online gambling market estimated to be worth over $70 billion in 2023. Mobile technology has been a major driver of the growth of the iGaming industry, as it allows players to play from anywhere with improved internet access. The industry has also been exploring other cutting-edge technologies, such as virtual reality (VR), to add new levels of excitement to online gambling.

The iGaming industry is highly regulated by different governments, with each country having its own laws and regulations. In the United States, for example, the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) was repealed in 2018, allowing for online sports betting.

The COVID-19 pandemic has also had a big impact on the industry. Land-based casinos, bookmakers, and gambling halls were closed, and sporting events were suspended. This led to an increase in demand for online gambling as players looked for ways to enjoy their favourite games from the comfort of their own home.

With the increasing popularity of online gambling, worldwide improvements in technological infrastructures and the introduction of regulations in an increasing number of international jurisdictions the industry looks set to continue to grow substantially in the coming years.

Legal Considerations

Despite a less than stellar reputation in the early days, iGaming can be a safe and enjoyable pastime. It is important for players to be familiar with the laws and regulations that govern online gambling in their area.

The legislation surrounding iGaming varies greatly depending on location, so players should always check with their local authorities before participating. In many countries, online gambling is regulated by their government and requires a permit or license to legally operate. This means that companies must adhere to certain rules and regulations in order to stay within the law.

In some cases, companies must obtain a certain amount of capital to be eligible for a license. Additionally, different countries have different taxation policies for iGaming operators, so it is important to research before launching an iGaming business.

It is also important to remember that iGaming is often subject to age restrictions. Players must be of legal age in order to participate, and sites may require verification of age prior to allowing access. These measures are in place to restrict minors from accessing gambling sites.

Players should also be aware of the risks associated with iGaming. Money can be lost while gambling online, and it’s important to understand how to limit losses and to set reasonable spending limits. Gambling responsibly is the best way to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

Types of iGaming

iGaming encompasses a wide variety of online gambling options, from casinos and sports betting to lotteries and bingo. This wide range of activities cater to diverse player preferences. These are some of the most popular options:

Slots: Traditional slot machines have been around for decades, but with online slots players can choose from a wide range of themes, cutting-edge graphics, animations, and soundtracks. Many online casinos offer progressive jackpots, where the amount of money available for the taking increases with every bet.

Table Games: Table games such as blackjack, baccarat, and roulette also have been around for centuries. But online casinos have taken them to a whole new level, with realistic graphics and sound effects. Players can also take part in tournaments and other special events online.

Live Dealer Games: For those who want a more authentic experience, live dealer games are the way to go. Players can interact with a real dealer, watch the game unfold in real-time, and even chat with other players.

Poker: Online poker rooms have gained immense popularity among both casual and professional players. These platforms enable players to compete in a wide range of poker variants, participate in tournaments, and even play against renowned professionals.

Sports Betting: Sports betting has become increasingly popular in recent years, and online sportsbooks allow players to wager on various sporting events, including football, basketball, cricket, and more. Sports betting platforms provide real-time odds, statistics, and live streaming, enhancing the overall betting experience.

Bingo and Lottery: iGaming also includes online bingo and lottery platforms, offering a convenient and immersive experience for players. These platforms feature a wide range of game variations, attractive jackpots, and interactive chat rooms for socialising with fellow players.

Mobile Gaming

Mobile gaming has revolutionised the way people play, allowing them to enjoy their favourite online games anytime, anywhere. With the advancements in mobile technology, it’s now easier than ever to access a variety of online casinos and gaming platforms on the go. Mobile gaming offers a much larger selection of games than traditional forms of gambling, with hundreds of different slot games, table games, and poker games available on mobile devices. Many online casinos and gaming platforms also offer mobile-specific bonuses and rewards.

Payment Options

Payment options are a critical factor for any iGaming experience. Players need to have the assurance of secure payments when they’re playing online.

There are multiple payment options available for iGaming. A popular payment option for online gaming is credit/debit cards. These cards are accepted by most online casinos, and they’re the most convenient payment option for most players. They’re secure and fast, allowing players to quickly and easily make deposits and withdrawals. It is important to note however that a number of countries have introduced bans on using credit cards for online gambling and sports betting in an effort to curb irresponsible gambling practices.

eWallets are another popular choice for iGaming. eWallets are digital wallets that allow players to store their funds electronically. These wallets provide a secure and simple way to make deposits and withdrawals from online gambling sites.

Regulations and Licensing

The iGaming industry is subject to various regulations and licensing requirements to ensure fair and safe gambling practices. While regulations vary from country to country, here are some common aspects of iGaming regulations:

a) Licensing: iGaming operators need to obtain licenses from regulatory authorities to operate legally. These licenses ensure that the operators adhere to strict guidelines and standards for player protection, fair gaming, and responsible gambling.
b) Age Verification: iGaming platforms must implement robust age verification mechanisms to prevent underage gambling. This typically involves verifying the player’s identity and age through documents or third-party verification services.
c) Responsible Gambling: iGaming platforms are required to promote responsible gambling practices by offering self-exclusion options, setting deposit limits, providing information about problem gambling helplines, and implementing measures to detect and assist players with gambling addiction issues.
d) Anti-Money Laundering (AML): iGaming operators are required to comply with anti-money laundering regulations to prevent illicit funds from being used for gambling purposes. This involves implementing strict Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures and reporting suspicious transactions to relevant authorities.

Players are encouraged to do their own research to check the credentials of an online gambling websites before playing. This includes checking for reviews from other players, looking for seals of approval from independent iGaming testing agencies such as eCOGRA, and researching the company’s own history and track record.

Additionally, the player can look at a website’s bonus and promotional offers. These offers can be used to give the player an edge over the house, so it pays to understand the terms and conditions associated with each one. It’s also important to check the fairness of the games, to make sure that the gambling site is providing a fair and honest experience.

Finally, the player should also check the payment options available on the site, as some websites may accept only certain types of payment. This is important to make sure that the player is able to deposit and withdraw their funds without any issues.

Responsible Gaming

Gambling can be an enjoyable experience, but it’s important to be aware of the risks associated with it and to practice responsible gambling. Responsible gambling means understanding your limits and playing within them. This includes setting limits for how much time and money you want to spend, as well as knowing when to walk away.

It also means knowing when to take a break and seeking help if needed. Responsible gambling also means not chasing your losses and not playing while under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Doing so can lead to poor decisions.

There are a number of tools available to help players practice responsible gambling. These include self-exclusion options, deposit and loss limits, and timeouts. Self-exclusion options allow players to voluntarily restrict their access to gaming sites for a set period of time. Deposit and loss limits help players manage the amount of money they spend, while timeouts help players take a break from playing.

Industry Trends

The iGaming industry is rapidly evolving to encompass the latest breakthroughs in technology, enhance user experiences and to anticipate regulatory developments. These are some of the current key trends within the industry:

  1. Mobile Technology is driving the growth of iGaming. Smartphones with improved internet access are becoming more popular and the number of mobile devices worldwide is only increasing. This allows iGaming to be more accessible than ever before and has opened up traditional gambling to a new demographic online.
  2. Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR/AR) gambling platforms provide a more immersive and realistic experience, allowing players to step into virtual casinos and interact with the environment and other players. Although still in its early stages, VR/AR gambling is expected to grow as the technology advances and becomes more affordable.
  3. Esports, or Competitive Video Gaming, has gained a massive following worldwide. As a result, online gambling has expanded to include esports betting. Players can now wager on their favourite esports tournaments and matches, similar to traditional sports betting. Esports betting appeals to a younger demographic and has the potential for significant growth in the coming years.
  4. Responsible Gambling Initiatives are being championed by online gambling operators to promote responsible behaviour, such as self-exclusion programs, deposit limits, and responsible gambling tools. Regulators are also implementing stricter regulations to ensure player protection and prevent gambling-related harm.
  5. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies are being utilised in various aspects of online gambling. AI algorithms can analyse vast amounts of data to detect patterns, improve fraud detection, and enhance personalised user experiences.

The market is expected to continue to grow steadily. Analysts are predicting that the global online gambling market will exceed $70 billion dollars by 2023. It is a dynamic and evolving sector, driven by technological advancements, changing consumer preferences, and regulatory developments.

Future of iGaming

The future of the iGaming industry appears promising, as it continues to evolve and adapt to technological advancements and changing consumer preferences.

With the proliferation of mobile devices and widespread internet access, online gaming is expected to flourish, providing convenient and immersive experiences for players worldwide. Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) technologies are poised to revolutionize the iGaming landscape, offering highly realistic and interactive gameplay.

Furthermore, advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) are anticipated to enhance personalized gaming experiences, as intelligent algorithms analyse player data to tailor recommendations and optimize gameplay. Esports, already a booming industry, is set to grow even further, with competitive gaming events attracting large audiences and significant investments.

Overall, the future of the iGaming industry holds tremendous potential for innovation, enhanced user experiences, and continued growth.


iGaming has transformed the gambling industry, providing players with convenient access to a wide range of betting and online gambling activities. With advancements in technology, robust regulations, and the emergence of new trends, iGaming continues to evolve, attracting a larger player base and offering a more immersive and engaging experience. As the industry moves forward, it is essential to prioritise responsible gambling practices and ensure a safe and enjoyable environment for players worldwide.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is iGaming?
    iGaming, short for “interactive gaming,” refers to the act of playing casino games, poker, sports betting, or other games of chance or skill through the internet on a computer or mobile device.

  2. Is iGaming legal?
    The legality of iGaming varies from country to country and even within different regions. Some countries have fully legalized and regulated iGaming, while others may have restrictions or prohibitions. It is important to check the laws and regulations of your specific jurisdiction before engaging in iGaming activities.

  3. How does iGaming work?
    iGaming platforms operate through websites or mobile applications. Players create accounts, deposit funds, and then choose from a variety of games to play. The games use random number generators (RNGs) to ensure fairness, and players can win or lose money based on their outcomes.

  4. Are iGaming platforms fair and secure?
    Reputable iGaming platforms employ secure technologies, such as encryption, to protect user data and transactions. Licensed platforms undergo regular audits to ensure fairness and compliance with regulations. It is advisable to choose licensed and well-established platforms to ensure a safe and fair gaming experience. If in doubt look for eCOGRA logo to ensure that the site has been independently audited to meet the highest standards in fairness and technical operations.

  5. What are the age restrictions for iGaming?
    The minimum age requirement for iGaming varies by jurisdiction but is typically 18 or 21 years old. It is essential to comply with the legal age restrictions in your country or region.

  6. What are the differences between online and land-based casinos?
    Online casinos offer some advantages that land-based casinos cannot, such as accessibility from any geographical location, convenience and flexibility meaning that players can access online casinos 24/7 and game selection is typically much greater as online casinos are not limited by physical space available.
    Land-based casinos however offer a unique fully immersive atmosphere with vibrant lights, sounds and physical interactions with slots machines, live tables and social interactions with fellow gamblers and live entertainment.
    Both are protected by strict security measures to ensure that players’ personal and financial information is not compromised and land-based may also have additional safety measures to ensure the physical safety of players. Both are also subject to the specific regulations and licensing requirements of their jurisdiction.